This strategy is part of the Rwandan national initiative intending to significantly reduce malaria morbidity and mortality. The program has behavior change at its foundation, and it requires people to adopt the necessary behaviors to achieve malaria pre-elimination. In order to carry out this work, massive community mobilization is required.
Case management of malaria has undergone profound changes over the years since the introduction and widespread use of rapid diagnostic testing (RDT) and artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT). Recent years have seen the evolution of home management of malaria, community-based management of malaria and integrated community case management (iCCM) of malaria packages.